The process of designing and manufacturing an electronic product is complex, but it can be broken down into a series of steps. In this post, we’ll explore each step and explain how they fit together.

Concepts and requirements analysis

Now that you know what to do, let’s talk about how to do it. First, you need to understand the problem, the requirements, and your customer. Who is your target market? What problems are they experiencing? How might you help them solve those problems in a better way than what’s currently available on the market? Once you’ve figured out who your target market is and what they need from a solution, now it’s time to put together a plan for how exactly you’re going to design/manufacture this new product. You’ll want to determine if there are any regulatory requirements that apply since that can affect all aspects of building your product (costs for example).

Next up: understanding competition! Competition is important because it gives us insight into what products already exist in our industry and how well these other companies have done with their products over time – which could give us an indication as far as where there might be some room for improvement within our own design process (or even just ideas on ways we can make our designs stand out from theirs).

Design specifications

The design specifications are the key elements of your product. They will determine what you can sell, and how much you can charge for it. A good designer will always be able to answer these questions:

  • What are the target markets for this electronic product? Will it be used by a niche group of people with specific needs or just as an average consumer item?
  • What are the key features of this electronic product? Is there one feature that makes it unique in its category?
  • How much does it cost? Do you expect sales volumes to be high enough so that extra profit margins can cover RND and manufacturing costs?

Hardware board design

Now that you have determined the functionality of your product and created a bill of materials, it’s time to start designing the circuit board. The first step is to create a schematic. A schematic is a visual representation of how everything will connect together and how each component is connected.

A layout is what actually defines where on a PCB (printed circuit board) components are placed and how they are connected. A netlist is basically an electronic list of all parts used in your design along with their pins and interconnections between them; EDA tools can read these files for further processing so that you don’t need to manually enter each connection into your layout tool.

The final step in creating the PCB is generating an NC (non-contact) or CNC (contact) file from which you can order your boards from manufacturers like Seeed Studio or OSH Park. This process will generate files based on particular specifications for each manufacturer—you should always consult their websites for instructions before purchasing any boards from them!

Enclosure design

Enclosure design is a critical part of the process, because it’s the element that will protect your product and make it look good. It can be made from plastic or metal and designed to protect the product or just give it an attractive appearance.

The enclosure standards are similar to those used for designing electronic boards and cases (see below), with some minor differences:

  • The enclosures must also comply with environmental protection (IP) standards.
  • There isn’t as much emphasis on factors such as board size, mounting methods, and port accessibility.

Firmware development

As the name suggests, firmware development is the process of developing software for a hardware design. It is also known as hardware-software co-design or embedded systems development.

The firmware development of an electronic product can be considered a subset of embedded system software engineering – it’s a kind of software that runs on microcontrollers and other devices with limited resources and memory.

There are several standards which must be followed in order to develop software for such systems successfully:

Verification testing

Verification testing is the process of ensuring that your product meets all of its design specifications. This is a significant step in the iterative development process because it determines whether or not you need to make any changes before mass production.

Verification testing occurs after functional verification and before pre-production. The main goal of verification testing is to ensure that the product meets all design requirements, including performance, reliability, safety, manufacturability and serviceability (PPS). It’s also important at this point in time to work with regulatory agencies such as FDA or CE if your product requires approval by them.

Manufacturing and assembly

Manufacturing and assembly is the final stage of product development. It’s when you take your design and make it into a real product that can be mass-produced.

The manufacturing process goes through various steps, like prototyping, materials procurement, PCB procurement, Enclosure production, PCB assembly, Functionality testing, Enclosure assembly, validation testing, and Package assembly.

Designing electronic products is a complex process that requires expertise in many different areas.

Designing and manufacturing an electronic product is a complex process that requires expertise in many different areas.

For example, the mechanical design team must consider the size and shape of the product, as well as how it will connect to other parts of your product. A circuit board designer needs to know how big the circuit board needs to be, which components need to be placed where on the board, and how they should be connected together. You’ll also need someone who can build prototypes so that you can test out those electronics before mass producing them at scale. And when all these pieces come together—when your final design looks just like you wanted it—you still have one more step: testing everything out!

Work with a design & manufacturing house to launch your product to market.

Once you have a product design and manufacturing plan, it’s time to work with a design & manufacturing house. A good design & manufacturing house can help you launch your product to market by:

  • Helping with all aspects of product design and manufacturing; from creating prototypes or going through the process of research and development.
  • Working with vendors like tooling companies and molders who know how to build molds and manufacture custom plastic parts.
  • Set up your supply chain so that components are sourced quickly at the right price point.

Download our Electronic production guide here.

15 things to take care before mass production


We hope this article has given you an insight into how to design and manufacture electronic products, and the various stages involved in the process. As you can see, it’s a complex process that requires expertise in many different areas. If you want to create new hardware but don’t have the time or resources to do everything yourself, then we recommend working with a design & manufacturing house like ours who can take care of all these things for you—from concept development through final production!

Categorized in: